I used to think that the reason men did most of the hunting and fighting in the majority of human societies throughout history was because women had the burden of nursing and raising children, but there is one problem with that explanation: lions. Lionesses have more or less the same maternal responsibilities as human women, yet not only are they able to hunt nonetheless, they are in fact their prides' primary hunters (how they balance hunting and motherhood, I don't know, but somehow they can pull it off). What if you had a human society with similar gender roles to lion prides? The men would be in charge of domestic affairs while the women would be the hunters and warriors. Such a society would come the closest to the Amazons of mythology. Could it work?