Memorable Characters and Their Flaws

character masksEvery reader has a certain character whose name, when mentioned, elicits a reaction. Those heroes we cheered on, those antagonists we hated with a passion—we know their worlds and their likes and dislikes.

We understand and humanize them, and wish we could invite them over for pizza-and-poker night. Or we curse the gods that we can’t find a doorway into their worlds, so as to open a can of whoop-ass upon them.

But what is it about these particular characters that makes them unforgettable?


One of my favorite characters existed in a book I didn’t even read. Well, I read a few chapters, but the book was too long at the time and I’ve never picked it back up. But the character makes me smile from time to time, and I never even read his whole story. The thief in The Redemption Of Althalus captured my heart when he broke into a money-changer or bank, and left empty-handed because he found no coins. When the authorities entered the office the next morning, they stood, mouths agape at the signs of a break-in, and yet nothing missing. Althalus may have gotten into the safe, but instead of taking the paper money, he threw it around the place in a huff, because he didn’t recognize it. Was it really his illiteracy that drew me? Of course not. Well, not alone. I mean, a gaff like that is hard to not enjoy. But repeatedly, Althalus struggles against himself and the notion that luck has left him for good. Even a handful of chapters into the book, Althalus is a character I’ll never forget.

Another favorite is Skeeve in MythAdventures. What’s not to love about a wizard apprentice who can’t make anything go right…ever. I think the main reason Skeeve won me over was that while his book was funny and at times silly, the humor was supportive of the story, rather than detracting from it. Skeeve’s personality evolved through the series, but he grew in small steps, rather than metamorphosing like a butterfly. He remained a rather naïve, unintelligent young man throughout much of the series. Even after he became a world-renowned wizard, his stories consisted of a lot of blundering, happenstance, and blind luck. And I loved him all the more for his incompetence.

It isn’t just that I thoroughly enjoy dolts as characters. Take for instance Katherine in The Privilege of the Sword. She is a young woman who is thrown into a foreign world and made to dress like a boy and learn swordplay. Her flaw is only that she’s a country girl and ill-equipped for the life chosen for her by her mad uncle. Her struggles are genuine, and at times I didn’t know whether to be happy that she was growing more proficient at handling the degradation she was dealt, or still cheering for her to retain her own identity.

One of the best characters was from Night Mare. Mare Imbrium was sort of an antagonist, in that she delivered bad dreams to people and wasn’t a positive-natured entity. Her very nature, again, was her flaw. But in the end of the book, I loved her so much, that this was the first book I threw against my wall. And I still love it. While many of Piers Anthony’s characters seemed a bit too good to be true, she was certainly a ghostly, frightening horse that broke that mold.

What It Means to be Flawed

Flaws are one of the key ways that readers relate to characters—possibly more so than virtues. For one, we’re all flawed creatures to begin with. And while we don’t necessarily dwell on our shortcomings, it’s occasionally refreshing to acknowledge how imperfect we, or people in general, can be. Characters with flaws become instantly more realistic than those who preach and act righteously and always align with the “good” side of every ordeal. While it’s a natural feeling to root for the oppressed rather than the oppressor, a writer risks underwhelming readers when they write characters that appear flawless, or rather, “are too good at everything”. That was a comment I received about one of my characters, who truly struggled later in her story, but entered the book from a position of power and authority, and put off some readers from the get-go. Flaws are part of being human and they should be part of our characters too, if—and this is a monumentally important “if”—it’s believable. Just like strengths, flaws can become overbearing, distracting, or just off-putting.

Where to Draw the Line

I’ve spent a fair amount of time role-playing. When you create a character, you have a certain number of points to put into abilities / skills/ strengths. One quick way to scrounge extra points was to select a few flaws that would weaken your character in small ways, so that you could purchase an extra ability at character generation. Sounds great…but I don’t know how many folks in the game had a multitude of flaws that in reality would have been catastrophic. Things like nightmares, sterility, poor memory, cursed, birdlike mannerisms, insatiable thirst, split personality, etc. don’t seem so bad when you, the LARPer, don’t suffer the flaws (or more commonly, several of them).

But as soon as you’re the writer of said character, the game changes. I recently shelved a project because I couldn’t get a handle on my main character’s flaw. He’s suffering from short-term memory problems. Do you know how hard it is to write a book about a guy who doesn’t remember things from one day to the next? It may not sound that difficult, but I realized in chapter two that I’d have to do more research, draft a very comprehensive outline, and execute the actual writing at a time when the book could have my undivided attention.

What Makes a Good Flaw

To me, the best flaws are the ones that prohibit the character from meeting his goals, but don’t necessarily draw too much attention to themselves. For instance, Skeeve, who blunders through the stories. Skeeve’s partner refers to him as an idiot throughout the series, always showing his displeasure with his dumb associate, but the world celebrates Skeeve as a brilliant wizard who overcomes the toughest challenges. It’s only the reader who knows that he gets lucky and just happens to scrape through, usually with the help and guidance of his extremely competent friends. I doubt the story would have been so enjoyable if the world felt he was a nitwit. It was the contrast of what people thought, versus reality, that made me laugh for chapters upon chapters.

Katherine’s flaws aren’t even really flaws—no more so than if not knowing how to open a locked door with a credit card is a flaw. Her innocence is her flaw—inappropriate for the harsh clime of Riverside and the depraved denizens who call it home. Really, her proportionate weakness to those around her is her handicap and she can do only so much to overcome that.

Why Flaws Speak Louder than Virtues

I think the answer to that is easy: relatability. Most folks in this world don’t walk a righteous path. We get jealous. We get irritated and lose our cool. We lie and cheat (especially on pizza-and-poker night). We have issues with our parents, issues with our spouses, codependency, entitlement, and divorce. We have obsessions, anxiety, apprehensions, and denials. We have ticks, twitches, impediments, and derangements. Don’t forget addiction, paranoia, complexes, delusions, and self-absorption. It’s no wonder that we are unable to relate to super-virtuous, flawless characters.

One thing that sets great writers apart from good writers is the ability to ditch the ordinary. Maybe that comes with experience, or perhaps there are some people who were born a little weirder than the rest of us. Maybe for them it’s effortless. For me it wasn’t. What I’ve noticed though, is that if you write good characters and a unique plot, readers will forgive your occasional adverb abuse, errant over-descriptions, and maybe even a convenient and contrived plot twist. The thing is, if you keep readers enjoying themselves, they will look past those items that fall on the Do Not list.

No book is perfect. It won’t please everyone. If you can find a way to compel even a small percentage of readers to love it, you’re doing better than most. One quick way is to come up with a great main character and paint him, warts and all, into a good story. Make his strengths and weaknesses believable, and don’t give him all the answers. Don’t shy from letting him make mistakes. In fact, it may be more amusing to the reader if he does. At least that allows for a memorable experience. If you ask me, that’s success.

How to Incorporate Flaws into Stories

I didn’t set out to write flawed characters. In fact, I’d never considered what I was writing in the beginning. It was more about having fun. As I keep walking this arduous path toward professional-caliber writing, I pay more attention to minor details that make all the difference in the world to a reader. My first flawed character was a turning point for me. He appeared in my fourth book, a young soldier who does walk a righteous path (having been raised in a temple by his priestess mother), but his virtue has turned into a fanaticism that repels even his family in the end. It wasn’t something I planned, but I loved how it turned out. His virtue, turned into a flaw. From there, I was sold. I now love to write flawed characters.

It’s funny. I’ve read hundreds of articles about writing and most of them focus on what not to do. Tips abound about cutting erroneous words, limiting adverbs, how and when to “tell” instead of “show”. It’s all fine information, if a bit redundant. But where can one find those advanced tips that most help to strengthen us as writers? Well for me, I found a lot of that here, on Mythic Scribes. In our forums, we tear it apart and talk a lot more about the nitty-gritty elements.

So, I’d like to hear what you have to say, scribes and friends.

Who are some of the most memorable characters you’ve read and what were their flaws? Without those flaws, would they have been as memorable?

What flaws have you given your characters, and how do they play a part in the character’s story?

A. Howitt
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Paula Herrera
Paula Herrera
7 years ago

Just like ordinary people, we can visualize our characters as an imperfect victim of the circumstances. They could have weaknesses that could make them more interesting. Or, they could be bizarre in their attitude and behavior which can make them mysterious. Whatever the personalities of our character would be, they don’t need to be perfect but it’s important that they can give significant lesson in the end.

I actually love villain type of lead characters on stories. They are intriguing and will require further understanding to the audience.

Andrea Robinson
7 years ago

One of the flaws that stands out most in my mind was in a movie. When The Titanic was sinking and the two protagonists had found a safe perch and watched a maid they knew hanging from a fixture until she dropped to her death, I was disgusted that neither one of them reached out and offered a hand to help this lady to safety. Nor did they look at each other and say something stupid like, “Gee, maybe we should have done something.” The colossal selfishness turned my stomach. Yet, faced with a similar life-threatening occurrence, I don’t know if I would have done better.

I was in a screenwriting class when I learned that you don’t necessarily have to like the protagonist, but you need to either like him or admire him (or her) for some skill he had.

I think we all wish that the human race would behave better. But as writers, we’ve got to introduce a character who is compelling, but not necessarily any more perfect than the rest of us.

Reply to  Andrea Robinson
7 years ago

“as writers, we’ve got to introduce a character who is compelling, but not necessarily any more perfect than the rest of us.”


Heather Smith
Heather Smith
7 years ago

This exactly why I think Gone with the Wind is one of my favourite books! The main character, Scarlett O’Hara, is so self-absorbed and such a terrible person that you can’t take your eyes off the page to see what she’ll do or say next! But the most interesting part is how her character develops and changes throughout the novel due to her experiences, circumstances, and relationships.

Sarah McCabe
7 years ago

lol I tried to read The Redemption of Althalus recently and ending up just throwing the paperback in the garbage. It was just painful to read. I got pretty far in before it suddenly occurred to me that every single character spoke the same way and none of them were interesting. I might include it as an example of a good character premise (a professional thief whose luck has abandoned him) that went horribly wrong.

The problem with articles like this is that every single person in the world finds different things interesting and different things relatable. You can’t tell writers how to write a good character because everyone responds to every character differently. I believe that in the end writers just have to write what they personally find interesting and/or relatable and let the readers who share their opinions find them.

Reply to  Sarah McCabe
7 years ago

I appreciate your comment. It was my goal to talk about a few memorable characters and the moments they became convincing to me, one reader. I wasn’t advising anyone to read any of the books or feel the same way I did, but pointing out how flaws can help readers connect to characters. I read a lot for other writers and frequently, I see writers struggle with their characters’ authenticity. Flaws are merely another tool in the arsenal of good writing. That was my only point, that flaws often made characters memorable to me because they were unique and set the character apart in my mind, allowing me to remember them for years, whereas some characters have little substance and I forget them and their names and stories.

7 years ago

My all time favorite character was the MC in Catcher in the Rye. I loved the way he was constantly anxious and shied away from events, but wound up handling them with a mature prepared sense after a while. I read it when I was young, so maybe I related.

Right now one of my MC’s main flaw is his unwillingness to see what’s right in front of his face. It isn’t a major flaw, but at this point in the story it has already forced him to take on a new point of view because the gravity of his situation isn’t going to see him survive if he cannot adapt.

7 years ago

One thing I do to make it easier to write a flawed character and make sure it’s believable, is I think of an actual person who exhibits the flaw, and I consider how the flaw manifests in their behavior. Now, characters probably don’t act much like real people, but at least it’s a place to begin with conceptualizing how the flaw will impact their behavior.

7 years ago

The key to writing flawed characters lies in two areas:

1. The need to create human beings rather than infallible gods.
2. Seeing this as a must rather than a boon.

When we talk about flaws, there two ways to approach it. Are we dealing with humane struggles or personality flaws? The former case is one made famous by Tolkien. But to stop at there is nothing less than being a half-baked story teller.
Case in point: I can find key differences between Aragorn and Thorin Oakenshield (ironically, the Hobbit was intended as a children’s book even though I find some of the characters more suited for the young adult bunch).

To me, struggles and personality comes hand to hand. Without a problematic persona, you can’t get an equally problematic struggle. One of the finest example of this will be Tyrion Lannister. Physically and personality wise, he’s a problematic one. When we explore his struggles and inner conflict, we’d realize that everything is linked one way or another.

To create flawed characters can be a risky venture to some, if not most. There is a perception that it’s far easier to create a likable good character compared to a likable flawed character. I call this a load of nonsense because being risk adverse means you shouldn’t even be trying to be a writer.

To create realistic characters, we must understand that the fictional world should NOT be seen as a democracy. You don’t allow the majority (plot wise or audience wise) to decide the future of any character, likable or not. If you’re out to create flawed characters, it means you’ll have to be mentally prepared to divide the readers. The best characters, in my opinion, tend to be those who invoke the whole “like or hate” mentality. They are liked for their flaws and hated for the exact traits.

At the same time, one oft understated aspect of creating flawed characters is using their shortcomings as an outlet of conflict. The best way to let the readers understand (and either love or hate) your characters is starting a fight. The finest art of storytelling will always entail character dynamics and relationship. Without a fight or few, we will never understand the full extent of every character’s struggles because what we see should be what we experienced all the while.

Dealing with human beings require emotions. And when it comes to creating characters and understanding them, emotions are needed as well.

7 years ago

One could write an entire book about writing flawed characters. The most memorable flawed characters to me are those who may be flawed in some ways, but their positive attributes outweigh the flaws. For example, it drives me nuts to read a book full of violence and killing but, for some reason, the protags don’t just kill some person they should know will cause them trouble in the future. Really, there are bodies dropping everywhere, but you get squeamish about this one person or group? Sheesh.

But, it is really important to remember that a flaw on one context may be a real asset in another. A propensity toward violence is a real asset in a combat situation, but a bad temper could be a real problem.

What I don’t like is when an author writes a character as flawed but really aren’t. As much as I like Brandon Sanderson, he does this a lot. In WOT he actually muted some of the more annoying ticks in some of the characters, which was nice. But, for some of the main characters, they came out without the flaws that had been written into them. But, if you look at Way of Kings, the worst “flaws” in his two main characters are a little bit of self doubt now and then. At the same time, they are both involved in very serious gambles for their futures, so their self-doubt is expressed, but really didn’t hold them back.

Also, flaws should be relevant to the story. A violent hot-head may make some serious mistakes that make for an interesting story. Of course, fantasy stories are full of violent hot-heads.

Adam H
7 years ago

Nice article!
I’m still trying to get a handle on how to write believable flaws, without the characters being irritating to read.

I think Joe Abercrombie is great at writing flawed characters. In The Blade Itself alone, we have a proud, arrogant young noble, who starts the book with more flaws than virtues; a crippled inquisitor who is envious of those who claim his past glories, and almost enjoys torturing people; and a vicious young woman who’s motivated only by revenge.
It’s interesting that in the end, the characters still hold those flaws, but they’ve become minimised somewhat. The proud, arrogant noble has been humbled many times, and picks up some altruism along the way, but he’s still far from perfect.
I’ve never rooted for characters that have flaws as pronounced as the one’s in Abercrombie’s books. If I figure out how he does it, I’ll let you know 😛

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